The province of High Karabagh, historically Armenian, was joined to Azerbaijan in 1921 by Stalin. In 1991 after the fall of the Soviet Union, the Artsakh proclaimed independence from Azerbaïjan, at the price of a bloody war. A fragile cease-fire was signed in 1994 but the Republic of Artsakh, the present name of the country, has not been recognised by any member of the United Nations.
Unfortunately this cease-fire is not respected and regular clashes occur all along the frontier. Between September and November 2020 intense fighting took place between the Armenian and Azery armies. Those Armenian civilians who had reoccupied their villages were forced to flee once more.